On the west side of the Confucius Temple is the site of the former Guozi Xue, a school set up in year 1306 to educate the Mongol sons of the Yuan rulers. After the fall of the dynasty, the Ming rulers turned into an institution of higher education, today known as the Imperial Academy (Guozi Jian).
In the second courtyard, you will find Drum Tower and Bell Tower on each side. In the center is an impressive glaze-tiled commemorative arch (Pailou), with a line from the Analects by Confucius. In front of the arch is Biyong, a hall built in year 1784 and where the emperor would give a speech each year during the spring. Walk around the River of Crescents (Pan Chi), which has four marble bridges breaking the pool into four arcs.
If you are having limited time in Beijing and wish to visit some significant attractions in less crowded area, then we may arrange Beijing Airport Transfer” for you and Beijing Half Day Tour will be just right for you.
|Passing the imperial examinations was an essential step up the imperial civil service ladder. Candidates came to Beijing from the provinces every three years to take the exam, which tested their ability to remember huge portions of the Confucian classics. They spent three days and two nights in solitary confinement in tiny cells, their only comforts a board for a seat and another that served as a small table. Before entering their cells, examines had to change clothes to prevent cheating. The corridors between the cells were patrolled by vigilant overseers. To further prevent cheating, once the cell doors were shut and sealed by the Imperial Commissioners, they could not be opened again until the exam was over. This was true even in the case of death, when a hole would be cut in the wall and the body removed, which the sources tell us something happened.
These extraordinary efforts to prevent cheating were apparently not enough. We have evidence that many of the men who took the exam resorted to all sorts if tricks to help them, including the smuggling in of mini-books and cheat sheets the size of the finger-nail. Some of them purchased essays in advance or bribed the judges for good marks. An exhibition dedicated to cheating, in BeijingÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s old Imperial College, displays the shirt of one cheater covered with Chinese characters.
The system of imperial exams came to an end after 1900, when the Empress Dowager Cixi finally realized that the civil service system was the main obstacle to reform and tossed the system aside, substituting modern education for the classics.
|Tours might suit your interests|
|Beijing Day Tour to Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Jingshan Park & Summer Palace
Tour Code: BJPDT1001
Highlights: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Jingshan Park & Summer Palace
|Beijing Day Tour to Tiananmen, Forbidden City & Beijing Hutong
Tour Code: BJPDT1005
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|Beijing Day Tour to Tiananmen, Forbidden City, Summer Palace & Temple of Heaven
Tour Code: BJPDT1010
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|Beijing 2 Days 1 Night Tour Package with Hotel
Tour Code: BJPPH2001
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|5 Days Beijing Impression Tour with Hotel
Tour Code: BJPPH5003
Highlights: Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven, Ding Tomb, Beijing Great Wall, Beijing Hutong, Beihai Park & Confucius Temple